New federal red snapper regulations could allow bigger limits for some states, smaller for others

Dozens of congressmen in Southern states are pushing back against proposed federal regulations for red snapper, though the new rules could result in more opportunity for Louisiana anglers.

Nearly 40 members of Congress, including Louisiana's delegation, penned a letter to U.S. Department of Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo last week urging her to direct the National Marine Fisheries Service to improve the science behind how the agency sets limits on red snapper harvest.

The letter alleges proposed rules from NOAA Fisheries that concluded public comment on July 28 decreases the percentage of Gulf of Mexico red snapper that anglers can catch relative to the sustainable limit.

Gulf coast states estimate angler harvest each year throughout the season, and states' annual fishing limit was typically set just below the total overfishing limit to ensure a sustainable fishery. A Great Red Snapper Count — an independent study required by Congress — resulted in a proposed increase in the federal overfishing limit because it showed more fish than federal regulators previously realized through the NMFS' Marine Recreational Information Program, but the proposed acceptable biological catch hardly increased.

The proposed rule changes would also implement a "data calibration framework" designed to create a single currency among the various ways states monitor landings for the "state annual catch limit," resulting in a reduction for some states and increases for others.

The proposal would increase the overall red snapper overfishing limit from 15.5 million pounds to 25.6 million, while increasing the acceptable biological catch from 15.1 million to 15.4 million.

The proposed calibration would increase the state annual catch limit in Louisiana and Florida by 50,000 and 100,000 pounds, respectively, while the limit in Alabama would drop by about 586,000 pounds and Mississippi's limit would decrease by about 95,000 pounds. Texas' annual catch limit would remain unchanged.

"There is no negative for us because with our calibration ratio we actually see an increase in the allowable catch from what our current number is," Jason Adriance, finfish program manager for the Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries, told The Center Square.

Regardless, lawmakers contend the NMFS' reliance on MRIP data and efforts to calibrate state numbers from different surveys contradicts federal laws that require conservation and management measures to be "based on the best scientific information available," according to the letter to Raimondo.

"This proposed rule ignores the (Gulf Fishery Management) Council and Congress's intent. When the Gulf Fishery Management Council adopted the calibrations in 2021, it intentionally delayed calibration so NMFS could propose more accurate ways to incorporate the States' data. To further that work, Congress appropriated $2 million for NMFS to research an effective calibration solution," the letter read. "By requiring the States to calibrate their more accurate—and NMFS certified—catch data to an outdated and fundamentally flawed MRIP, NMFS has failed to find an effective solution and is not making decisions based on the best available science while refusing to appropriately integrate the new data."

Lawmakers also contend NMFS is ignoring new data in the Great Red Snapper Count by reducing catch limits from 97% of the sustainable limit to roughly 60%. The Great Red Snapper Count documented roughly three times as many fish as NMFS previously recognized.

NOAA Fisheries explained in its request for comment on the proposed rule changes that federal officials did not significantly increase the sustainable limit with the new information because analysis found many of the fish are in low densities in areas known as "uncharacterized bottom," rather than "hard bottom" areas typically targeted by anglers.

"Because red snapper occupying uncharacterized bottom have historically faced lower fishing mortality than hard bottom, basing harvest levels on the entire population may lead to localized depletion on reefs as the overwhelming majority of harvest would be expected to occur on this habitat," according to the proposal.

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